No, the API doesn’t have that type of filtering capability; you’ll have to get all of the teams, then check the team memberships for each on your end.
Thanks for the reply. Will have to think about a workaround in a large Org with too many teams.
Maybe you’re looking for this?
It will return the teams your user is member.
Oooh, good catch, thanks @Frederic_Malenfant , I totally forgot about that one!